These lessons have been getting a huge amount of traffic, and it’s awesome that so many people want to learn Tachelhit, but makes me feel bad that I’ve been updating so infrequently. A big obstacle for me is not knowing in which direction to take these lessons, so I’d really appreciate if you left a comment with feedback. What do you like about these posts, what do you dislike, what do you want to learn next? Are you learning this language for academic or for tourism purposes? Is my transliteration sloppy? Do you want more cat pictures?
Here’s a short lesson on how to say this, that, these, and those, otherwise known as demonstratives. The major difference with English is that in Tachelhit, we need to think of whether we’re using these words as an adjective or a pronoun:
Used as demonstrative adjectives: this car, that cat, these things
Used as demonstrative pronouns: I want that, what are those, this car is John’s
In Tachelhit we use a separate word for a demonstrative pronoun, and we use a suffix for demonstrative adjectives. Just keep reading and you’ll understand.
ghwad – this (m)
ghwan – that (m)
ghwid – these (m)
ghwin – those (m)
xttad – this (f)
xttan – that (f)
xttid – these (f)
xttin – those (f)
Yes, memorizing these will make you want to cry. Here’s a hint: the letter i is drawn with two parts, and it refers to two or more things. ghwad = this one, ghwid = these ones
I’ll link to my Quizlet flashcards at the bottom of this page.
-ad – this
-an – that
agharas-ad this road
agharas-an that road
igharasn-ad these roads
igharasn-an those roads
To facilitate pronunciation, add a y sound to nouns that end in vowels:
baTaTa-yad – these potatoes
tasga-yad this side
tasga-yan the other side
- Fill in the blank with the proper suffix.
Example: This book (m) – lktab___ = lktab-ad
This cat (m) – amush___
That cat (m) – amush___
This house (f) – tigmmi___
That house (f) – tigmmi___
Those men – irgazn___
These women – tifrxin___
2. Finish translating these sentences using the right demonstrative pronouns.
Example: I want that one (m) – righ _______ = righ ghwan
I want that one (f) – righ _______
Hmad wants this one (m) – ira Hmad _______
What’s this? (f) – ma tga _______?
Those (m) are ours – _______ gan wingh
Those (f) are delicious – _______ tmmim